by Dominique Turnbow
In this series about using the Kirkpatrick Model, I’ve already talked about the value of Level 1 evaluation and provided an example of how I incorporate into my workshops. This week, I want to turn our focus to Level 2: Learning. This is the most familiar level and the one that comes to mind when we think about assessment.
As I mentioned before, each level in the Kirkpatrick Model has questions that drive the kind of information that you should strive to answer if you are evaluating or assessing for that level. In Level 2, we turn our attention from evaluation to assessment by focusing on learning. (Read my explanation of the differences between evaluation and assessment.) Level 2 asks:
What have your students learned? Specifically, to what degree do they acquire the intended knowledge, skills, attitudes, confidence and commitment based on their participation in a training event? (adapted from The New World Order Kirkpatrick Model)
Level 2 measures the knowledge and skills your learners gained by your instruction. The new Kirkpatrick Model also includes attitudes and confidence, but those may be captured in your Level 1 evaluation.
There are many ways to include Level 2 assessment in one-shot instruction. The most obvious might be a quiz at the end of a session that measures learner’s ability to recall information presented. However, to assess a learner’s ability to use new skills (i.e. search a database effectively, use primary sources, find a full-text article, etc.), you probably want to design activities that provide them with the opportunity to practice those skills. The true assessment might be realized in the completion of a course assignment or research paper; however, providing an opportunity to practice in class before the final assessment is essential. It also provides you with feedback as to how well learners are grasping the skills you are trying to teach them. Level 2 assessment does not need to be summative assessment. Especially in one-shot instruction sessions, I would encourage you to create activities that provide practice for students, formative assessment and feedback to you as an instructor.
I’ll be posting my ideas for Level 2 assessment in one-shots. Until then, let me know your ideas. What were your successes? What were your challenges?