Writing Learning Outcomes for Behavior Change

by Dominique Turnbow

From an instructional design perspective, well-written learning outcomes are essential for providing effective instruction and sound assessment. If our goal with information literacy instruction is to help students change their research behavior, then our outcomes need to be written so that we know how to teach new skills and assess learning that leads to behavior change. Well-written learning outcomes can help by:

  • articulating specific knowledge, skill and/or behavior that learners need to achieve;
  • facilitating summative and formative assessment; and
  • providing a guideline for evaluation.

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